Date of publication: 2017-09-02 18:51
Though the affluent are spending hundreds of rupees for a pizza and burger in air-conditioned restaurants, the poor are unable to meet daily energy requirements. Consumerism is on the rise. Branded food is in vogue.
8775 will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion , and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. 8776
· The ANC has no 8766 independent 8767 instrument to effectively monitor compliance of government with policy directives of its constitutional meetings or to evaluate progress against its own goals. This has led to a situation where those in the executive basically monitor its own performance.
India as one of the fastest emerging economy should understand one simple point. Climate change is an issue which will not kill only USA citizens, rather it will kill Indians too. USA should understand that Indians also share the right to enjoy the fruits of development and their right shouldn 8767 t be crushed under the burden of climate change mitigation obligations. A positive approach to get over this impasse can be based on 8775 progressive responsibility 8776 . With the passage of time and with the attainment of means, responsibility will be added up in course of journey. In this way, neither Indians or Chinese will suffer on part of development neither Americans will feel overburdened.
The democratic space and removal of formal restrictions for black people opened a vista of possibilities for upward mobility. This created the illusion of a South Africa full of possibilities that can be exploited if one only exerts him/herself enough.
This multi-class alliance is now under threat as a few black leaders seek to use state power to advance their own class positions, rather than the interests of the majority. Yet a broad front of workers and other classes committed to a radical change certainly has more power than a narrow worker movement. The question is whether we can maintain this alliance without too much compromise on our ultimate goals.
 Network Society-Castells refers to how society has changed whereby social structures and activities are organised around digital and virtual information networks. Social networks process and manage information using micro-electronic and mobile based technologies.
The very first example of democracy was observed in ancient Greek city-states. It was a direct form of democracy in which people would gather at a pre-defined time and place to decide upon major issues relating to governance. The same type of system was observed in Indian villages, which Gandhi ji described as 8766 Gram Swaraj 8767 .
While, it would be best if the democratic power structures themselves work to create a society that promotes democracy and ensures its proper functioning, real world is rarely utopian. It therefore falls on the shoulders of the social movement to complete the job that democracy has left incomplete. Revolutions might provide a temporary respite and may pave the conditions for strengthening of the social movements, but eventually it is the evolutionary change brought about by social movements that can crystallize and give a robust, flexible and tolerant society in which the ethos of democracy can be rooted, not only in letter but also in spirit!
The ANC through its President and Secretary General has been pointing out at these dangers for some time now. No systematic organisational development process has thus far been undertaken to address these challenges.
There are also issues specific to the streams which impact HES. The arts and commerce U& C( like JNU, DU) usually lack vocational training courses to make their students employable. This acts as a deterrent for many seeking employment post graduation, rendering arts less popular.
On a positive note based on popular opinion, RTI was enacted in 7555 to democratise information increasing transparency and fact that several members of the political parties who supported the legislation are now being tried in courts and held in jails, is one of the biggest paradoxes the political leaders are unable to digest. More transparency was sought for recently culminating in a CIC ruling that political parties be brought under the ambit of the RTI Act. But paradoxically the leading party legislating the historic act would be now diluting the CIC ruling by an amendment, restricting the right to information.
Although the overall shape and direction of the changes just noted are hardly matters of dispute any longer, there still remain significant disagreements about the nature and extent of this thing called "globalization." The more that we know about it, the greater the uncertainties about the consequences it brings with it. These questions become even more challenging as we attempt to move from the kind of macro-level level changes we have been surveying to specific areas of policy and practice such as education. We have grouped together here several critical issues which, as Giddens reminds us, reflect the new uncertainties that discussions of globalization have brought to light. They serve here to introduce several central themes that will be taken up by the various chapters in this book.